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Archicerebellum structure and connection

The archicerebellum, also known as the vestibulocerebellum, is one of the three major subdivisions of the cerebellum, along with the paleocerebellum and neocerebellum. It is the oldest and most primitive part of the cerebellum, and it is involved in the regulation of balance and eye movements.

The archicerebellum consists of two main parts: the flocculonodular lobe and the fastigial nucleus. The flocculonodular lobe is located at the bottom of the cerebellum, just above the brainstem, and it is connected to the vestibular system of the inner ear. The fastigial nucleus is located in the midline of the cerebellum, just below the roof of the fourth ventricle, and it receives input from the flocculonodular lobe as well as from other areas of the cerebellum.

The archicerebellum has complex connections with other areas of the brain, including the brainstem, thalamus, and cerebral cortex. The flocculonodular lobe receives input from the vestibular system of the inner ear, which provides information about the position and movement of the head in space. It also receives input from the visual system and the somatosensory system, which provides information about body position and movement. The fastigial nucleus receives input from the cerebellar cortex as well as from the spinal cord, which provides information about muscle tone and movement.

The archicerebellum is involved in a variety of important functions related to balance and eye movements. It plays a critical role in maintaining posture and balance, and it is involved in the coordination of eye movements. Dysfunction of the archicerebellum can lead to a variety of neurological disorders, including ataxia, nystagmus, and vertigo.