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Overview of neurological disease associated with and its detection

 There are many neurological diseases that can affect the brain and nervous system. Some of the most common neurological diseases include:

1. Alzheimer's disease: A progressive neurological disorder that causes memory loss and other cognitive impairments.

2. Parkinson's disease: A disorder that affects movement and can cause tremors, stiffness, and difficulty with balance and coordination.

3. Multiple sclerosis (MS): An autoimmune disorder that causes damage to the protective covering of nerve fibers, leading to a wide range of neurological symptoms.

4. Epilepsy: A disorder characterized by recurrent seizures, which can cause changes in consciousness and physical movements.

5.Huntington's disease: A genetic disorder that causes progressive degeneration of the brain, leading to movement disorders, cognitive impairments, and psychiatric symptoms.

6. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS): A progressive neurological disorder that affects the nerve cells responsible for controlling voluntary muscle movement.

There are a variety of diagnostic tests and procedures that can be used to detect neurological diseases. These may include:

1. Neurological exam: A physical examination of the nervous system, including testing reflexes, muscle strength, and sensory function.

2. Imaging tests: Such as MRI, CT scan, or PET scan to look for abnormalities in the brain and nervous system.

3. Blood tests: To screen for specific biomarkers or genetic mutations associated with certain neurological diseases.

4. Electromyography (EMG) and nerve conduction studies: To measure the electrical activity of muscles and nerves.

5. Lumbar puncture (spinal tap): A procedure to collect cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) to test for signs of infection or inflammation in the brain and spinal cord.

The specific tests and procedures used to diagnose neurological diseases will depend on the particular disease being considered, as well as the individual patient's symptoms and medical history.