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What are the causes of Hemoptysis in cardiovascular diseases

The causes of Hemoptysis  in cardiovascular diseases are due to –

  • Pulmonary edema it is characterised by pink frothy sputum
  • Mitral stenosis - bronchopulmonary apoplexy due to rupture of bronchopulmonary venule
  • Pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH ) as in Eisenmenger syndrome - Pulmonary infarct
  • Infective endocarditis - Right Ventricular - VSD and tricuspid valvular endocarditis -vegetation results in Pulmonary infarct
  • PDA with endarteritis produce vegetation embolise to form Pulmonary infarct
  • Congestive heart failure may lead to DVT –which in turn can result in Pulmonary infarct
  • Post myocardial infarction  will also lead to  DVT which inturn can result in Pulmonary infarct.