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Treatment of dysphagia

Treat the specific underlying cause.
Give special care to patients with a neurological disorder, with special attention to the following factors
  • Dietary texture
  • Body, head and neck position,
  • Size and frequency of food bolus administration.
  • The bolus size should be small in sips or bites.
  • Thick fluids and pudding texture are better than clear liquids.
  • Advise to avoid spices, acidic foods and coffee, tea and alcohol.
  • Patient should remain in upright position for at least 1-3 hours after taking meals (this is to avoid aspiration).
  • The head of the bed should be elevated while resting and sleeping.