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What are the symptoms of anemia?

Low haemoglobin may produce following symptoms
Weakness, fatigue. lassitude, anorexia,palpitation, breathlessness, anginal pain,light-headedness, giddiness, insomnia, tinnitus, tingling sensation in the extremities.
What are the clinical signs of anemia
Anemia may be associated with following clinical signs
General survey reveals  pallor, dyspnoea, ankle oedema
Cardiovascular features in severe anaemia :
  • Tachycardia.
  • Water-hammer pulse.
  • Capillary pulsation
  • Cardiomegaly.
  • Hyperdynamic apex beat.
  • Mitral systolic murmur due to functional MI (ring dilatation).
  • Haemic murmur over the pulmonary area.
  • Rarely mid-diastolic (non-rumbling) murmur in mitral area may be auscultated (due to relative stenosis at mitral valve) secondary to increased blood flow.
Gastrointestinal tract
Hepatosplenomegaly may be present associated with anemia
Respiratory system may reveals basal crepitations.
Nervous system  there may be features of polyneuropathy :sometimes, there is papilloedema.
Lymphoreticular system there may be presence of sternal tenderness.